Teaching Phonics to Young Learners

Test Format

The TPhYL test is divided into five sections and these will test candidates’ ability in:

 

1. Producing sounds accurately

This section contains 40 main English sounds. Each correctly said sound carries one point.

The passing rate is 90%. This means that candidates must be able to produce a minimum of 36 of the 40 assessed sounds in order to pass this section.

 

2. Blending pseudo words (Make up words) accurately

Saying main English sounds and blending pseudo words will be conducted during the same session, in the form of a one-to-one interview with an assessor. The assessor will evaluate the candidates’ accuracy in these two assessed sections. A variety of accents will be taken into account by the assessors to minimize any linguistic bias. 

This section contains 20 pseudo words. Each correctly blended pseudo word carries one point.

The passing rate is 80%. This means that candidates must be able to blend a minimum of 16 of the 20 assessed pseudo words in order to pass this section.

3. Writing a phonics lesson plan (75 minutes)
The written lesson plan will have candidates planning a phonics lesson for young learners.  Candidates will be provided with a class profile, young learners’ prior knowledge and aims to create the lesson plan on a given template. Candidates must use legible handwriting for assessors to consider their answers. 

In this section, assessors will use the set of sub-skills shown below to evaluate the written lesson plans and give candidates an ability grade for each of the five sub-skills. The highest mark for each sub-skill is 10 and the lowest is 4. The five sub-skills are equally weighted and the score for this section is the aggregate total of the five. The highest total is 50 and the lowest is 20.

The passing rate is 70%. This means that candidates must be able to attain a minimum of 35 of the 50 points awarded to their written Phonics lesson plan in order to pass this section.

 

 

4. Demonstrating a stage from the written phonics lesson plan (preparation time - 15 minutes; demonstration time - 15 minutes)
The oral demonstration will have candidates deliver a stage from their written lesson plan to an assessor. Candidates will be provided with criteria to include in the demonstration. The assessor may ask them questions during the demonstration. This oral demonstration will be recorded. 

In this section, assessor/s will use the set of sub-skills shown below to evaluate the demonstration and give candidates an ability grade for each of the five sub-skills. The highest mark for each sub-skill is 10 and the lowest is 4. The five sub-skills are equally weighted and the score for this section is the aggregate total of the five. The highest total is 50 and the lowest is 20.

The passing rate is 70%. This means that candidates must be able to attain a minimum of 35 of the 50 points awarded to their demonstration in order to pass this section.

 

 

 

5. Applying Phonics knowledge.  (60 minutes)
This will be a written test comprising of, but not limited to, multiple-choice questions, short answer questions and scenario analysis. Candidates must use legible handwriting for assessors to consider their answers.

This section is a closed book summative written test which contains different types of questions.

 

The passing rate is 70%. This means that candidates must be able to attain a minimum of 70% in order to pass this section.

 

 

 

 

Results

Candidates must pass all five sections to qualify for a TPhYL certificate.

Candidates will receive an email notification when their results are ready. Successful candidates will receive a certificate which will be sent to them via registered mail.

 

Candidates who have not passed on their first attempt can retake TPhYL within 12 months. Candidates with two unsuccessful attempts are recommended to gain more experience in the field of early childhood education and/or to take a course recommended by PEA. These candidates can only register for their third attempt 12 months after their second one.

[i] Check equivalent scores to the IELTS:  https://www.ielts.org/ielts-for-organisations/common-european-framework

 

[ii] CPT course is provided by PolyU SPEED (Hong Kong) and Centre for Continuing Education, University of Macau (Macau).

© 2018 Phonics Education Association (PEA)

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